The State Protection of the Rights of the Victim in Criminal Proceedings

Keywords: victim, prosecutor, suspect, accused, criminal proceedings, physical harm, property damage


The article is devoted to the study of the issue of providing state protection to the victim and restoring his violated rights and legitimate interests. Having made a comparison with the legal position of the suspect and the accused, the author notes that the victim is in an unequal position in relation to him: although the criminal procedure legislation of the Russian Federation regulates the possibility of the victim exercising his rights, but guarantees of their observance (and restoration of lost) the law does not provide for the state; if the suspect and the accused have a defender for these purposes (including one provided free of charge), then the victim does not have such a "trustee". Such an incorrect approach initially led to an imbalance in criminal proceedings and violation of the rights and legitimate interests of the victim.
The object of this study is the social relations that arose between the victim and the State as a result of the commission of a crime by the perpetrator. The subject of the study is the norms of criminal procedure legislation regulating the legal status of the victim in criminal proceedings, as well as other norms affecting criminal proceedings. The author used the comparative legal method as the main methods of scientific research, as well as the method of analyzing the norms of criminal procedure legislation.
The author of the article considers it expedient to empower the prosecutor to ensure state protection of the rights of the victim and proposes to introduce a new Article 16.1 into Chapter 2 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, which enshrines the principle of ensuring the right to state protection of the rights of the victim by analogy with Article 16 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation. In addition, the author describes in detail the legal mechanism for early compensation by the State to the victim of damage caused by the crime.


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Author Biography

А.Ф. Абдулвалиев, [A.F. Abdulvaliev] Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines, Institute of State and Law


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How to Cite
Абдулвалиев, А. (2024). The State Protection of the Rights of the Victim in Criminal Proceedings. VICTIMOLOGY [VIKTIMOLOGIA], 11(1), 78-91.
Original articles