Victimological Characteristics and Prevention of Criminal Suicide in Minors
The article presents the results of a study of 243 court decisions in criminal cases under Art. 110-1102 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation for the period from 1998 to 2022, received from 62 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Evidence-based generalization of the data obtained shows that juveniles become victims of every fourth criminally conditioned suicide (26.2%) in the family environment and in 92.6% of cases of suicidal incidents related to criminal activities carried out through information and psychological impact on the network "Internet" and involvement in computer games that pose a danger to life. The socio-demographic, psychological, legal and victimological signs of the victim's personality in this area are considered. A typology of juvenile victims of criminal suicide has been established: a) in the sphere of family and domestic relations; b) in the field of illegal activities of Internet communities that promote suicide, induce children and adolescents to commit suicide. The importance of preventive measures in the field of prevention of domestic (family) violence is updated; counteraction to illegal persecution and harassment of the victim, involvement in the activities of destructive network groups of suicidal orientation. Measures are proposed to improve the administrative and criminal law mechanisms to counter this social and legal phenomenon.
Vasin SA. Mortality from injuries with uncertain intentions in Russia and in other countries. Demograficheskoe obozrenie [Demographic Review]. 2015;2(1):89-124. EDN: VOFMKR. (In Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.17323/demreview.v2i1.1790
Gadzhieva AA. Victimology: [textbook]. Makhachkala, 2016. 152 p. (In Russ.).
Gvozdeva IS, Shapiro LG, Yuzhaninova AL. Special psychological knowledge in the investigation of inducement of minors to commit suicide using the Internet. Suicidologiya [Suicidology]. 2018;9(4):118-137. (In Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.32878/suiciderus.18-09-04(33)-118-137
Kasen GA, Mynbaeva AK, Sadvakasova ZM. Suicide prevention among young people through the prism of foreign and domestic experience : [monograph]. Almaty, 2015. 105 p. (In Russ.).
Lichko AE, Alexandrov AA. Suicidal behavior in adolescents. Kliniko-psihologicheskie, social'nye i pravovye problemy suicidal'nogo povedeniya [Clinical-psychological, social and legal problems of suicidal behavior] : Mat. symposium. Moscow, 1974:71-79. (In Russ.).
Maletina MA. Criminal-legal characteristic of criminal involvement in suicide, not connected with bringing to it: [dissertation]. Barnaul, 2021. 226 p. (In Russ.).
Puchnina MY. Criminal suicide of minors: criminological and criminal-legal measures of counteraction : [dissertation]. Voronezh, 2019. 254 p. (In Russ.).
Steshich ES. Theoretical and methodological foundations of the criminological study of crimes related to causing death : [dissertation]. Rostov-on-Don, 2019. 533 p. (In Russ.).
Syrokvashina KV, Oshevskiy DS, Badmaeva VD, Dozortseva EG, Makushkin EV, Aleksandrova NA, Terekhina SA. Nutskova EV, Fedonkina AA, Chibisova IA, Shkityr EYu. Risk factors for the formation of suicidal behavior in children and adolescents (based on the results of the analysis of regional postmortem forensic examinations). Psihologiya i pravo=Psychology and Law. 2019;9(1):71-84. (In Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2019090105
Shalagin AE, Idiyatullov AD. Criminological characteristics and prevention of crimes related to the inducement to suicide, committed with the use of information and telecommunications network "Internet". Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii [Scientific Notes of the Kazan Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia]. 2018;3(6):82-87. (In Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.24420/KUI.2018.42.29.006
Shkityr EYu. Postmortem complex forensic psychological and psychiatric examination of minors with suicidal behavior (clinical and forensic psychiatric aspects) : [dissertation]. Мoscow, 2022. 229 p. (In Russ.).
UNICEF. Mortality of Russian adolescents from suicide. UN Children's Fund, 2011. 131 p. (In Russ.).
Glen E, Farberow NL. The Encyclopedia of Suicide. 2nd ed. New York: Facts On File, 2003. 329 p.
Neil M, Field T. Bullycide: Death at Playtime. Success Unlimited, 2001. 303 p.
Wasserman D. A stress vulnerability model and the development of the suicidal process. Suicide. An unnecessary death. London: Martin Dunitz, 2001:13–27.
Copyright (c) 2023 M.V. Talan, A.D. Idiyatullov
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The author agrees that the submission of the manuscript to the editorial office of the scientific and practical journal "VICTIMOLOGY" is a conclusive action aimed at the transfer of the editorial office of the exclusive rights to the work: the right to reproduce and the right to distribute, as well as to place the article in the electronic version of the journal in open access on the Internet and in electronic databases of scientific citation.