Victimological Characteristics and Prevention of Criminal Suicide in Minors

Keywords: crime, criminality, criminal suicide, minors, incitement to suicide, warning

Abstract

The article presents the results of a study of 243 court decisions in criminal cases under Art. 110-1102 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation for the period from 1998 to 2022, received from 62 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Evidence-based generalization of the data obtained shows that juveniles become victims of every fourth criminally conditioned suicide (26.2%) in the family environment and in 92.6% of cases of suicidal incidents related to criminal activities carried out through information and psychological impact on the network "Internet" and involvement in computer games that pose a danger to life. The socio-demographic, psychological, legal and victimological signs of the victim's personality in this area are considered. A typology of juvenile victims of criminal suicide has been established: a) in the sphere of family and domestic relations; b) in the field of illegal activities of Internet communities that promote suicide, induce children and adolescents to commit suicide. The importance of preventive measures in the field of prevention of domestic (family) violence is updated; counteraction to illegal persecution and harassment of the victim, involvement in the activities of destructive network groups of suicidal orientation. Measures are proposed to improve the administrative and criminal law mechanisms to counter this social and legal phenomenon.

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Author Biographies

М.В. Талан, Kazan Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Kazan, Russia

M. V. Talan, Doctor of Law Science, Professor.

А.Д. Идиятуллов, Kazan Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Kazan, Russia

A. D. Idiyatullov, applicant

 

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Published
2023-07-25
How to Cite
Талан, М., & Идиятуллов, А. (2023). Victimological Characteristics and Prevention of Criminal Suicide in Minors. VICTIMOLOGY [VIKTIMOLOGIA], 10(3), 348-361. https://doi.org/10.47475/2411-0590-2023-10-3-348–361
Section
Original articles