Mass Murder in "Vladislav Ribnikar" Primary School: Victimization of Students, a Consequence of the Non-Existence of the "Safe School" Concept and Crime Prevention

Keywords: criminal event, mass murder, students, school, safe school, crime prevention? victimization, security, training, leadership, layered protection, educational process


The criminal event - the mass murder of students at the "Vladislav Ribnikar" school in Belgrade, on May 3, 2023, as a form of mass victimization of students, raised many questions, much more in the lay world and significantly less in the scientific or professional public: Was it possible recognize from the student's behavior that in the future (immediate, near, distant, upcoming...) he will take action to take the lives of students in the school he attends? Can we talk about the statistically inevitable "Black Swan" in the attack on students? Is the attack on students a consequence of the perception of school security in the security system of the Republic of Serbia? Research results show that such attacks can be predicted and prevented. Furthermore, based on the results of the research, it is concluded that in the Republic of Serbia in 2001, a pilot program of the "Safe Schools" model was launched, which lasted for four years and after 2004, it stopped being implemented as part of the prevention of crime in the local community through the program "Safe Communities". The research results show that in the Republic of Serbia there is no: "Code of school safety and safety behavior"; Law on safe school, students and school staff adopted by the National Assembly; "Declaration on the safety of students, teachers, professors and the school" as an initial document for the safety of the school, students and teachers; "National Center for School Safety"; "School Safety Office" in cities and local governments; personnel for auditing school safety; training for leadership in school security, and does not understand that the application of layered protection of students and the school as elements of support for the educational process, students, school staff and the school is necessary.


*The work was created as a result of research engagement according to the Plan and Program of the Institute for Criminological and Sociological Research for the year 2024, which was approved by the Ministry of Education, Science and Innovation of the Republic of Serbia.


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Author Biographies

Jasmina Igrački, Institute for Criminological and Sociological Research, Belgrade

PhD, Doctor of Law, Research Associate

Dragan Manojlović, Dr. Lazar Vrkatić University, Belgrade

Prof., dr. Dragan Manojlović, Full Professor at the Faculty of Legal and Business Studies

Tatjana Z. Skakavac, Dr. Lazar Vrkatić University, Belgrade

PhD, Associate Professor at the Faculty of Legal and Business Studies


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How to Cite
Igrački, J., Manojlović, D., & Skakavac, T. Z. (2024). Mass Murder in "Vladislav Ribnikar" Primary School: Victimization of Students, a Consequence of the Non-Existence of the "Safe School" Concept and Crime Prevention. VICTIMOLOGY [VIKTIMOLOGIA], 11(1), 144-161.
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